19 SOUTHERN GREENWOOD

In the First Age, the great forest to the east of the Misty Mountains (Hithaeglir) was known as Greenwood the Great.

The southern region was sparsely populated but included the hill of Amon Lanc, where the fortress of Dol Guldur was built in the Third Age. Sauron took up residence there for a time while he was trying to regain his strength.